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WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A TARGET BOW AND A HUNTING BOW?

Introduction

On your recent visit to the local archery shop, you must have seen a selection of recurve hunting and compound bows in one section while target bows were confined in another section. Apart from the camouflage colours that are predominant in hunting section and the bright colours in the target bow section, to a layman every other thing looks same. This is true to a certain extent but on closer examination, sure differences abound which cause archers to prefer one of the both options depending on what function it will perform.

Draw weight

One big difference between recurve hunting bows and target bows is the draw weight. Typically, a hunring bow weighs 60-70 pounds while a target bow ranges between 40-50 pounds. The reason for this difference lies in the average number of each of the archer will shoots in a day. . A low-poundage bow gives a. lot more comfortability  in a target situation.

Bow dimension

Hunting recurve bows and target bows differ a lot in the string length, that is axle to axle lenght. Target bows are usually longer measuring  38-40 inches from axle to axle, while hunting bows usually fall within the 28-34-inch range. The significance of this dimensional differences is because a target archer needs longer bows to stand a chance in precision shooting. These longer bows don’t allow for string angles to be as severe as it is in shorter hunting bows , making them( target bows) to be  “forgiving”. Forgiving bows  allow an archer to make tiny mistakes in form, but still keeps the arrow going in the direction the  archer wants it.

Ease of use

Hunting bows are designed to be shorter and more portable while target bows are more of static range firing., requiring tight grips and a comfortable positioning to fire. Hunting in a thick forest, in the woods or on a tree stand gives no one those luxuries, hence the need for hunting bows to be designed as to be compatible with those kind of positioning.

Accuracy / Power Compromise

A major difference between hunting bows and target bows is the compromise between power and accuracy.  Hunting bows require a lot of power, around 60-80lbs on the draw, target bows need only a third of this amount of power. The higher power used in hunting allows for faster speed and more impact to make sure the prey doesn’t leave unhurt piercing the  hides and breaking bones . Hunting bows sacrifice accuracy for speed because their aim is to bring down the prey and not clinical precision of shots. This is the reverse in target bows , where lower velocity is appreciated because it reduces the vibration and resonance that can affect the flight of their arrow.

Conclusion

Beyond the differences in colours which are also intentional , there are series of differences why a recurve hunting bow or target bow will be preferred in any situation. Target archers prefer accuracy but hunting archers look at the velocity .